Excusable impurity

29 Jan 2020 Ref-No#: 2418

Salam aleykoum ,( first of all sorry for my english its not my first language )
i choosed hannafi school because every time i go to urinate, after 15 minutes i have some last drop of urine that goes out( its not waswas because i see it and i have 0 medical problem) and i have heard that in this school there is an excusable size of impurity but now im asking my self so much others questions and i dont pray because of that :

1- The excusable size of impurity is 5 cm of diameter of a circle or its just a line of 5cm ?
1.1 it means that someone can pray if there is in his clothes and himself less then 5cm of diameter of a circle of impurity right ?
2.If there is a impurity like a drop of urine in my underwear and the underwear touch my pants how do i count it ( for example if there is 1cm of urine in my underwear and it touch 1cm of my pants is it 2cm/5cm or its 1cm/5cm )
3.If there is a drop of urine on my underwear and i think it touched my pants but i don’t see it how do i count ?
4. Now if there is a drop of urine on my underwear but im sure it went on my pants but i don’t see it how do i count ?
5.How can i be sure that the last drop of urine will go in the same place every time i go to the toilet ? because i dont put exactly at 1cm close my underwear, if the last drop of urine doesnt go on the same place it means that i will have to clean my underwear every 4time i go to the toilet
6.Now if the drop of urine is dry because it was from yesterday how can i count it ?
7.Last question i have heard that if sperm is dry we can just scratch it then we can pray with the same clothes but if there still have some that you cant scratch but its dry, is it possible to pray with this clothes or not ?
can you please explain me clearly this exusable impurity because i have see no where something clear

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

Firstly, after relieving oneself, it is necessary for a male to do Istibraa. Istibraa means that after passing urine, a person should take steps to ensure that all the drops have exited. The method of doing this differs from person to person. For some, if they clear their throats, the final drops will come out. Others may need to place a piece of toilet paper, exit the toilet, and take a few steps before the remaining drops are discharged. They then need to return to the washroom, and complete their Istinjaa. In this way, all impurity will be cleaned, and no impurity will remain on the body or garment.

1, 1.1) Nevertheless, if there is still some impurity, then we will take into consideration the diameter. As long as the impurity is less than 3-5 centimeters (the size of the inner portion of palm), it will be permissible to still pray, inspite of that impurity.

2) The impurity on the underwear will be added to to impurity on the pants.

3) As long as you are hundred percent not convinced that the impurity has transferred, you should not pay attention to those doubts.

4-5) You will have to determine where the impurity went, otherwise you will need to wash your entire underpants.

6) Even if its dry, you still need to clean.

7) You need to wash off all traces of the sperm.

If you are in the habit of experiencing doubts and you are not sure the urine drops really emerge, then you should sprinkle some drops of water around your private parts or underpants. When you experience any wetness,  attribute the wetness to the water which you sprinkled.

Do not let the devil exploit these doubts of yours and trick you into omitting prayer.

References

أما الاستبراء فهو طلب البراءة وهو أن يركض برجله على الأرض حتى يزول عنه (البناية شرح الهداية  – 1/ 744) 

وَالِاسْتِنْجَاءُ سُنَّةٌ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنَ السَّبِيلَيْنِ إِلَّا الرِّيحَ، وَيَجُوزُ بِالْحَجَرِ وَمَا يَقُومُ مَقَامَهُ (ف) يَمْسَحُهُ حَتَّى يُنْقِيَهُ، وَالْغَسْلُ أَفْضَلُ، وَإِذَا تَعَدَّتِ النَّجَاسَةُ الْمَخْرَجَ لَمْ يَجُزْ إِلَّا الْغَسْلُ، (الاختيار لتعليل المختار (1/ 36)