Monthly Archives: May 2018

Early Menstruation after miscarriage

Early Menstruation after miscarriage

20 May 2018 Ref-No#: 683

Assala mualaikum

I had a miscarriage at 7 weeks, then I got D&C on 24th April 2018 and I was bleeding for 10/11 days, and bleeding stop maybe 3rd or 4th May 2018, I can’t remember the exact day. Most of the time my period length is 8days and sometimes 10days(its very rare). Normally I have 21 days of purity between my two periods but sometimes I have 15 or 17/18 days of purity between my two periods. This month, the bleeding started on 16May 2018 after 12/13 days from last purity and my blood flow continued to be high and I feel a lot of pain in my abdomen like my previous period.
In our country Ramadan started on 18May and my bleeding is going on.
Should I keep fasting and perform salah?? Today is 19th May and I’m fasting.

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

Since the miscarriage was after 7 weeks, the 10 days of bleeding after the DNC will be Haidh.

Your Haidh stopped when you either did not see any blood, or you saw clear white discharge. If you cannot remember exactly if that was on the 3rd or 4th of May, you should ponder and decide on what your mind inclines to (Ghalaba adh-Dhan).

The bleeding from the 16th of May to the 18th of May will definitely be Istihaadhah, since it is before the termination of the minimum period of purity (15 days). As for the 19th of May, it could be the 15th or 16 day of your purity. In order to calculate the days of purity (inspite of the bleeding) you need to revert to your habit and cannot just take the minimum of 15 days. You would need to recall your Tuhr (purity) period from the last three cycles before you fell pregnant, and use that as your habit for your Tuhr. If it was 17 days then you will consider 17 days from the 3rd or 4th of May (depending on what you recall) as your period of purity. You should then count the bleeding as Haidh from the 18th day, and not fast or perform Salah from then.  

Yes, if the blood stops before the end of 72 hours after this, and thereafter you do not see blood for a full 10 days, then you will have to keep Qadha.

Hadith about Moosa (a.s) on fasting

Hadith about Moosa (a.s) on fasting

20 May 2018 Ref-No#: 685

Assalamu alaykum,

The following narration is doing its rounds on social media. Please verify if it is authentic:

Once Moosa (AS) asked Allah Ta’ala: O Allah! You have granted me the honor and privilege of talking to you directly, Have you given this privilege to any other person? Allah Ta’ala replied, O!! Moosa during the last period I am going to send an ummat, who will be the Ummat of Mohammed (SAW) with dry lips, parched tongues, emaciated body with eyes sunken deep into their sockets, with livers dry and stomachs suffering the pangs of hunger- will call out to me (in dua) they will be much closer to me than you O Moosa! while you speak to me there are 70000 veils between you and me but at the time of iftaar there will not be a single veil between me and the fasting Ummati of Mohammed (SAW) O!! Moosa I have taken upon myself the responsibility that at the time of iftaar I will never refuse the dua of a fasting person!

Sub’hanallah!!
Humble Request: Please spread this Hadith as much as possible to your dear ones.

Answer

Wassalam,

This narration does not come in any of the books of Ahadith.

Rather, it is narrated in Nuzhah al-Majalis (pg 182). It also appears in the Tafseer Rooh al-Bayan (8/112).

In both these books there is no Sanad (chain of transmission).

Furthermore, it is the ‘Aqeeda of Ahl as-Sunnah that the Prophets are the closest to Allah. No Ummati can be equal to a Prophet. And Moosa (alayhi as Salam) is from Ulul ‘Azm (5 greatest prophets). So there is Nakara (discrepancy) in the Matan (text) which clearly shows it is a fabrication. Thus, such messages should not be spread.

Zakah to my father in law

Zakah to my father in law

19 May 2018 Ref-No#: 680

Mufti,

My father in law had a good job at a reputable company, for which he worked for for over 3 decades.

However, about 9 years back that company went bankrupt, and they paid my father in law out. My father in law used that money and all his savings to start a business. However, that business became a disaster, and ny father in laws was not making any profit. Rather, he was in a deficit each month. Since there were contracts in place, he soon had to sell his assets to cover his expenses. He soon lost everything.

Currently he gets a mere R10 000 every month, which just covers all his expenses. He has no savings, investments etc. In fact, he has nothing to his name at all.

Can I give him my Zakah?

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

Yes, it is permissible to give Zakah to ones father in law.

ويجوز دفعها لزوجة أبيه وابنه وزوج ابنته  (رد المحتار –  (2/ 346)

Software if companies that sell Haram

Software if companies that sell Haram

18 May 2018 Ref-No#: 673

As’salamu alaykum wa rehmatullahi wa barkatuhu..Ramadaan mubarak.

I work in a software company.Our company has various clients.Some are banks, insurances, tobacco and wine manufacturers,power related,healthcare related,McDonald’s,coca cola etc. Our company develops softwares and provides services to the above mentioned clients and the clients gives our company money as a remuneration for the services provided.
Unfortunately I am working on “tobacco and wine manufacturer” client project.
My nature of job is to test the software and report it to the developers if there are any defects.
So my question is, can I work for the software company and will the money earned will be halal as I am indirectly helping them in sin.

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

There are two seperate issues:

1) Ruling on your income,

2) Whether you will get sin or not for doing the job,

As for the income, it will be Halal.

However, you will get sin for doing the job.

If possible, its best to ask your company to give you other projects (example from the companies who deal with healthcare etc). Alternatively, try to get another job. However, if that is difficult, you may continue working at your present company, but your should do the following:

1) Continuously make Istighfaar,

2) Consciously make the intention that you are doing the work just for the salary, and not to assist with the evil in any way.

لو باع الكرم وهو يعلم أن المشتري يتخذ العنب خمراً لا بأس به إذا كان قصده من البيع تحصيل الثمن، وإن كان قصده تحصيل الخمر يكره، و أغراس الكرم على هذا إذا كان يغرس بنية تحصيل الخمر يكره وإن كان لتحصيل العنب لا يكره، والأفضل أن لا يبيع العصير ممن يتخذه خمراً،

فتاوى قاضيخان (3/ 116)

الثاني: لأنه لا فساد في قصد البائع، فإن قصده التجارة بالتصرّف فيما هو حلال لاكتساب الربح، وإنما المحرم والفساد في قصد المشتري اتخاذ الخمر منه، ولا تزر وازرة وزر أخرى.

الثالث: لأن العصير مشروب طاهر حلال، فيجوز بيعه، وأكل ثمنه، لأن المعصية لا تقوم بعينه أي بنفس العصير بل بعد تغيره وصيرورته أمراً آخر ممتاز عن العصير بالاسم والخاصة، فصار عند العقد كسائر الأشربة من عمل ونحوه.

الرابع: لأن العصير يصلح الأشياء كلها جائز شرعاً فيكون الفساد إلى اختياره.

الخامس: لأن هذا الشرط لا يخرجها عن ملك المشتري ولا مطالب له.

السادس: لأن العصير ليس بآلة المعصية بل يصير آلة لها بعد ما يصير خمراً.

لكنه يكره بيع العصير ممن يتخذه خمراً عند أبي يوسف ومحمد، كما صرح به صاحب ((المبسوط)) 24: 26 وغيره، ووجه ذلك عندهما: أنه استحسان؛ لأن بيع العصير والعنب ممن يتخذه خمراً إعانة على المعصية، وتمكين منها، وذلك حرام، وإذا امتنع البائع من البيع يتعذَّر على المشتري اتخاذ الخمر، فكان في البيع منه تهييج الفتنة، وفي الامتناع تسكينها.

خلاصة الكلام في مسألة الإعانة على الحرام (ص: 16)

Yellow Discharge

Yellow Discharge

18 May 2018 Ref-No#: 664

As Salaamu Alaykum Mufti Saheb,
Is yellow discharge considered as part of haidh?

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

In principle, discharge of any other colour besides pure white will be regarded as menstrual blood (Haidh). Thus, yellow discharge should be treated just like other blood.  If yellow blood is spotted for more than three days, or during the days of menstruation, or after fifteen days of purity, then it will be considered as menstrual blood.

 وما تراه المرأة من الحمرة والصفرة والكدرة في أيام الحيض فهو حيض حتى ترى البياض الخالص (مختصر للقدوري (1 119)

واعلم، أن الوان الحيض هي الحمرة والسواد فهما حيض إجماعا، وكذا الصفرة المشبعة في الأصح والخضرة والصفرة الضعيفة والكدرة والتربية عندنا،

[قال اللكهنوي] وبالجملة: كون هذه الألوان حيضا مختلفه فيه بين مشائخنا، والأصح عندنا هو كونها حيضا إذا كان في مدة الحيض (عمدة الرعاية علي شرح الوقاية، ( ١ / ٥١٨-٥٢٠)

 وفي الغياثية: الصحيح أن الصفرة حيض (الفتاوى التاتارخانية، ١/ ٤٧٤)

Nasal Spray whilst fasting

Nasal Spray whilst fasting

17 May 2018 Ref-No#: 670

Slmz,

Can we use a nasal spray whilst fasting?

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

Since the nose is a channel to both, the the troat and the brain, using a nasal spray will nullify the fast.

وما وصل إلى الجوف أو إلى الدماغ من المخارق  الأصلية كالأنف والأذن والدبر بأن استعط أو احتقن  أو أقطر في أذنه فوصل إلى الجوف أو إلى الدماغ  فسد صومه (بدائع الصنائع (2/93)

قلت ولم يقيدوا الاحتقان والاستعاط والإقطار  بالوصول إلى الجوف لظهوره فيها وإلا فلا بد منه  حتى لو بقي السعوط في الأنف ولم يصل إلى الرأس لا يفطر
(رد المحتار (2/402)

Showering while bleeding

Showering while bleeding

16 May 2018 Ref-No#: 663

Assalamu alaykum

For months now, I have been dealing with issues relating to near constant bleeding from different parts of my body.

I have a bad case of acne on my scalp and nearly all the pimples are filled with pus. They pop all the time. When they pop, after the pus/blood comes out, a reddish/yellowish liquid continues to come out of the wound for a long time, sometimes 2-3 whole days. And this is for one pimple – usually by the time one pimple is healed and stops leaking this fluid, another one pops.

Moreover, I have an anal fissure which means that everytime I pass stool, I have bleeding on my back side that normally lasts anywhere from about 8 hours to 1-2 days. Note that this is not a small about of bleeding and it starts pretty much every time I pass stool. Overall, at any given time, I either have a popped pimple leaking fluid on my head, or bleeding on my backside or both.

The problem for me is, in this situation how do I shower without spreading all this impurity around my whole body!? In order to heal the acne on my scalp I need to shower consistently, and keep my scalp clean or it will most likely get a lot worse. Moreover, I am a woman and every month I have to make ghusl following my period, and obviously I can’t just wait a few days in the hope that everything stops bleeding so I can make ghusl, in fact I usually have to make ghusl the same hour my period ends so that I can pray! How on earth am I suppose to shower or make ghusl when there is impurity flowing out of my head or backside or both most of the time!?

This issue is causing me so much stress and so much struggle and time. No matter who I have asked so far about this topic has given me compeletely unsatisfactory answers. I will be very very grateful for your answer.

Jazakallah.

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

If there is impurity (blood or pus) emanating all the time from your body, in such a way that in atleast one Salah time the impurity comes out so often that you do not get the chance of performing Wudhu and praying that Salah without that impurity coming out, then you will be classified as a Ma’dhurah (excused).

You mention that at any given moment, there is blood or puss coming out from your body. However, the anal fissure only bleeds when you pass stool. Thus, it might be difficult to fulfill the above condition for that bleeding.

However, if the blood or puss emanates from your acne in the manner explained above, then you will be a Ma’dhurah.

The ruling of a Ma’dhurah is that she should perform Wudhu when the time of every prayer sets in. With that Wudhu, she can pray, recite Quran etc. Her Wudhu will not break, even though there is impurity emanating from her body. Yes, if any other nullifier of Wudhu takes place, then her Wudhu will break.

Hence, to become a Ma’dhurah, the impurity should come out continuously to the extent that you cannot get enough time to make Wudhu and perform your prayers without that impurity coming out.

Then, to remain a Ma’dhurah, the impurity should come out atleast once in every subsequent prayer time.

If a complete time of prayer passes without any impurity coming out, you will no longer be a Ma’dhurah, and will then have to perform a new Wudhu whenever the impurity emanates.

Whilst you are a Ma’dhurah, you should perform Ghusl after your menstrual periods, even though there may be impurity flowing. That impurity will be excused, and you will be pure. You may then perform prayer whilst those impurities are flowing.

From here we can see how easy Islam is.
Allah Ta’ala does not intend to ‘stress’ us out with his commandments. Rather, Allah intends ease for us. Allah Ta’ala says in the verse 185 of Surah al-Baqarah:

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ

“Allah intends ease for you, and does not intend any difficulty for you.”

Are Deobandis part of the Ahlussunnah wal-Jama’ah?

Are Deobandis part of the Ahlussunnah wal-Jama’ah?

16 May 2018 Ref-No#: 661

Are the Deobandi people Kafirs? I have heard that Deobandi people are not of the saved sect mentioned in the Hadiths and they are a deviant group. It is said that they have some Sufi beliefs. Is Deobandism a part of the Hanafi madhhab and is it required to be Deobandi? If you are Deobandi does that mean you are part of the Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jama’ah?

Answer

Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

Deoband is the name of a town in the Saharanpur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Northen India. It is roughly 150 kilometers from Delhi.

In this town of Deoband, a Dar al-‘Ulum (Islamic university) was founded by a group of ‘Ulama (scholars) after the British tried to eradicate Islam from India. The primary objective of starting this institute was to protect the Islam of the masses, and also preserve authentic Islamic knowledge.

Although the institute started with only one student in 1866, it quickly grew to become one of the leading Islamic institutes. Students from all over the world flocked to Deoband to learn from some of the most leading scholars of that time.

After graduating, these students returned to their respective countries, and in turn began to teach what they learnt. They started Dar al-‘Ulums and continued to affiliate their institutes to their mother institute, Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband.

Anyone graduating from Deoband directly, or from one of the hundreds of Dar al-Ulums worldwide which were started by the graduates of Deoband is called a Deobandi.

From this it becomes clear that Deoband is not a seperate sect. Rather, it is just a school of thought, based on the teachings of Deobandi institutes. A person who graduates from a Deobandi institute is called a Deobandi.

When we look at the syllabus taught in Deoband and its affiliate Dar al-‘Ulums, we find that they do an in-depth study of Quran and Hadith. No other institute teaches the Sihah Sittah (six classical authentic books of Hadith) with such detailed explanations as done in Deobandi institutes.

Besides just teaching, Deobandi scholars have also authored an unmatched number of detailed commentaries of Quran and Hadith over the last hundred and fifty years. These commentaries are recognised as oceans of knowledge throughout the world, even by non Deobandi scholars.

This proves that the Deobandi school of thought is strongly backed by Quran and Hadith. A point of note is that in Deobandi institutes, Hadith is recited before teachers who in turn attained Hadith from their teachers; and in this way there are uninterrupted Asaaneed (chains of transmissions) right up to the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

As for ‘Aqidah, Deobandi institutes generally teach the ‘Ash’ari and Maturidi ‘Aqidah. Most of the greatest Mufassiroon, Muhaddithoon and Fuqaha over the past eleven centuries were either ‘Asharies or Maturidies. To such an extent that scholars like ‘Allamah Kawthari etc suggested that a person will only be from the Ahl as-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah if he follows one of these two schools. This proves that Deobandies are most definitely from the Ahl as -Sunnah wal Jama’ah. A collection of Deobandi beliefs have been docummented in a book called al-Muhannad ‘alal-Mufannad. This book has been endorsed and approved by forty five top ranking scholars from the Indian Subcontinent, Hijaz, Egypt and Syria.

In Fiqh, the Deobandi school of thought requires a person to follow any ONE of the four Madhaahib, viz Hanafi, Shafi, Hambali or Maliki exclusively. However, since majority of the students and teachers are Hanafi, most of the Deobandi institutes primarily teach Hanafi Fiqh using classical books of past scholars. These are explained in great detail. However, there are also Deobandi institutes which specialises in one of the other three Madhaahib.

You mention about Deobandies following Sufi orders. It should be noted that not all Sufi orders are incorrect or misguided. Rather, great scholars of the past also attributed themselves to Sufi orders. As long as there are no violations of Shariah, there is nothing wrong with following a Sufi order. Sufism is all about rectifying ones heart and lifestyle, inculcating good habits, and learning how to make Dhikr correctly. Not only are these permissible, rather they are recommended.

Satan at the time of death

Satan at the time of death

14 May 2018 Ref-No#: 660

السلام علیکم ورحمة الله وبركاته

I’ve heard that Satan comes to a person at the time of his death in the form of his mother or father that passed away, and warns him that Oh son! Oh daughter! do not die on Islam, we died on Islam and Islam tended to be the false religion. And in this way tries to convert them to Christianity or Judaism.

Please comment on its authenticity and confirm if it is mentioned in some hadith.

جزاك الله خيرا

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

When Shaytaan was expelled from Jannah, he took an oath that he will lead mankind and Jinn astray. In Surah al-A’raaf, Allah Ta’ala mentions:

قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (16) ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ ۖ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ (17)

(Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path.
Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” (Verses 16 and 17)

Thus, it is definite that Shaytaan will try his best to misguide us throughout our lives. And, before death, he will utilise all his energies and efforts, since that is indeed his last chance.

It is precisely for this reason that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) sought protection from the devil especially at the time of death. In a narration of Sunan Abi Dawood it is mentioned that the he (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) used to make the following Dua:

….وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ يَتَخَبَّطَنِي الشَّيْطَانُ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ….(رواه ابو داود (1/568)

As for the narration in your question, we have not found it in any of the books of Ahadith which are at our disposal. Imam Qurtubi (may Allah be pleased with him) did narrate it in his book, at-Tadhkirah fi Ahwaal al-Mawtaa wa Umoor al-Aakhirah (29-30) and said it was narrated from the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). He furthermore quotes this from Sharh Risaalah Ibn Abi Zayd, and Kashf ‘Uloom al-Aakhirah. However, no Sanad (chain of transmission) or ruling on the narration is given.

Imam Qurtubi (may Allah be pleased with him) then relates that he heard one of his own respected teachers, Imam Abul-‘Abbaas Ahmad bin Umar al-Qurtubi, say, “I visited our teachers brother, Shaykh Abu Ja’far Muhammad al-Qurtubi at Cordova and found him  to be close to death. It was said to him, ‘Say Laa ilaaha illallaah’, to which he replied, ‘No! No!’

When he became conscious, we related to him what had occurred. He said,

‘Two devils came to me, one on my left and the other on my right. One of them said, ‘Die as a Jew, for verily it is the best of religions,’ while the other said, ‘Die as a Christian, for truly it is the best of religions.’ So I answered them saying, ‘No! No! How dare you say such a thing to me!’” at-Tadhkirah fi Ahwaal al-Mawtaa wa Umoor al-Aakhirah (30)

From the afore-mentioned it is clear that we cannot attribute this to the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Rather, it has been the experiance of some people, amd may or may not happen to others.

باب ما جاء أن الميت يحضر الشيطان عند موته وجلساؤه في الدنيا وما يخاف من سوء الخاتمة
«روي عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن العبد إذا كان عند الموت قعد عنده شيطانان الواحد عن يمينه والآخر عن شماله، فالذي عن يمينه على صفة أبيه، يقول له: يا بني إني كنت عليك شفيقاً ولك محباً، ولكن مت على دين النصارى فهو خير الأديان، والذي على شماله على صفة أمه، تقول له: يا بني إنه كان بطني لك وعاء، وثديي لك سقاء، وفخذي لك وطاء، ولكن مت على دين اليهود وهو خير الأديان» ، ذكره أبو الحسن القابسي في شرح رسالة ابن أبي زيد له، وذكر معناه أبو حامد في كتاب كشف علوم الآخرة ……..
……. “قال عبد الله بن أحمد بن حنبل : حضرت وفاة أبي ـ أحمد ـ وبيدي الخرقة لأشد لحييه ، فكان يعرق ثم يفيق ويقول بيده : لا بعد ، لا بعد . فعل هذا مراراً !! فقلت له : يا أبت أي شيء ما يبدو منك ؟ فقال : إن الشيطان قائم بحذائي عاض على أنامله يقول : يا أحمد فُتَّنِي ، وأنا أقول : لا بعد ، لا حتى أموت”.
قلت : ” سمعت شيخنا الإمام أبا العباس أحمد بن عمر القرطبي بثغر الإسكندرية يقول : حضرت أخا شيخنا أبي جعفر أحمد بن محمد بن محمد القرطبي بقرطبة وقد احتضر. فقيل له : قل : لا إله إلا الله ، فكان يقول : لا ، لا.
فلما أفاق ذكرنا له ذلك ؟
فقال : أتاني شيطانان عن يميني وعن شمالي ، يقول أحدهما : مت يهودياً فإنه خير الأديان ، والآخر يقول : مت نصرانياً فإنه خير الأديان .
فكنت أقول لهما: لا لا . فكان الجواب لهما ، لا لكما .
قلت : ومثل هذا عن الصالحين كثير ، يكون الجواب للشيطان ، لا لمن يلقنه الشهادة ” “التذكرة في أحوال الموتى وأمور الآخرة” (29-30)

Iddah for a woman who gets irregular periods

Iddah for a woman who gets irregular periods

09 May 2018 Ref-No#: 658

Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah,

A friend of mine has been divorced and commenced her Iddah. She has already experienced one period, however, due to her periods being irregular and she not seeing them monthly, for the last 45 days she has nt had a second menstrual period. In her case, how will her Iddah be calculated?

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu?

Since your friend was given 3 Talaaqs by her ex-husband, it became incumbent upon her to sit in Iddah. If your friend had been an older woman who has ceased experiencing menstrual cycles, or a woman who never sees her periods, then her Iddah would have been three complete months or 90 days. But your friend does not fall under the latter category, as she appears to be a young woman who still experiences menstrual cycles. Thus, her Iddah will span over three complete menstrual periods. Even though your friend’s periods are irregular and she does not see them monthly, she will still be required to wait for three menstrual periods to elapse before her Iddat can be considered to be terminated. Whether the duration of three periods in her case stretches over six months or even upto a year (maximum), she will still necessarily have to see the whole term through. As she has already experienced one period, she will wait for the next one (whether it comes after one month or two or three months), and then after becoming clean once more, she will wait for a third period. It is only after termination of that third menstrual period, that she will be free to marry another man if she wishes.

If she does not experiance Iddah for an entire year, then she may contact a Mufti then, who will determine whether to pass the verdict in accordance with the Maliki Madhab, and allow her to terminate her Iddah.